The aim of the elite is to curb Islamic separatism that threats the unity of the state. The Russian Muslims bear the stigma of being underdeveloped in comparison to other religious communities.
“Tatar culture is dying,” Safargali says. “It is becoming assimilated.”
I was born in Kyrgyzstan, in Bishkek. My name is Raya. It means heaven.
She came a full circle from conservative religion to finding her own culturally relevant religious views and practices, and in effect she found herself.
After 9/11, American immigrant Muslims became scared of their own identity. Some kept it secret for years to avoid becoming targets of crime and hatred.